Gender and Leadership Training Manual for the National Assembly

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Volume: Second Edition | Pages: 198 | Year Published: 2015

Publisher: National Institute for Legislative Studies

Author: Amina Salihu | Banke Akinrimisi | Itoro Eze-Anaba | Bose Ironsi | Esther Uzoma | Dr. Jake Dan-Azumi |

Subject Matter
This "Gender & Leadership Training Manual for the National Assembly" provides extensive modules to be used as a guide by facilitators and trainers of Legislators and Legislative Staff on gender mainstreaming in public spaces

Purpose/Objective
The purpose of this Manual is to provide guideline and content support for training on gender and leadership for legislators and legislative staff of the National Assembly. This is to ensure gender mainstreaming in the National Assembly by ensuring that the Legislators and Legislative Staff have requisite knowledge and skills to enable them understand the importance of gender and women's rights and make laws to protect them. Also, the Manual aims at implementing the "Gender Strategy for the National Assembly" that includes enabling women legislators to participate actively and effectively in the legislative process and decision making at the National Assembly. The Gender Strategy for NASS was developed by the National Institute for Legislative Studies in 2014 to educate and change the views of Legislators and legislative staff on women's and girl's rights, educate the legislators and legislative staff on the importance of gender equality, inclusiveness and sensitivity in legislative processes, outputs and system. In formulating the Modules in the Manual, the Contributors aim at equipping stakeholders with skills to enable them to incorporate gender issues into the legislative process and activities; and in planning, implementation and evaluation of gender sensitive projects based on careful gender analysis

Gaps Identified
This Training Manual on Gender and Leadership for the National Assembly will be very resourceful for trainers on leadership and gender roles not only for Legislators and Legislative Staff of the National Assembly as suggested by the Manual. However, it excludes other key players on gender mainstreaming such as the State Legislators, State Legislative staff and NGOs that work at the grassroots with the capacity of driving home the benefits of this manual as part of the persons that can us the manual. Although this Manual extensively covers the subject matter, it did not cover some areas that are important to a text on this subject matter such as pregnancy, its effect and relative provisions to protect the rights of women in the Legislature. The Manual is on gender, but focused only on the female gender with only Activity 3.3 mentioning the male gender as part of the activity session for Module 3- Women and Leadership. Also, in a bid to be an all-inclusive Manual, it is at the edge of being too general and vague to be effectively useful to the target audience especially the Legislators who are too busy for an extensive training. There are a lot of repeated sections which may be printing errors such as the Preface, 0.1, and 0.2b - 0.2.2. Module 4.3 which listed International Treaties, Conventions and Resolutions on Gender Equality mentioned UN Law on Trafficking instead of giving the correct and full quotation which is "UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children. The manual does not also clearly address how disciplinary committees in the legislature should handle various forms of workplace harassment. In Module 6 on Gender budgeting, the Manual only gave references of countries that practice gender budgeting, but fail to underscore the need to generate evidence on the benefits of engendering the budget formulation process. Finally, the Manual has date of first publication, while omitting year of the current publication

Recommendations
Readers and users of this Manual will find it very resourceful as it provides substantial material on training on women's and girl's rights especially in the legislature, however the following recommendations may help in future review of the Manual. Although preference is usually given to the female gender on discussions relating to gender especially in leadership as covered by this Manual, however the male gender need to also be discussed especially its role in women empowerment and gender mainstreaming. To ensure commitment to gender issues in the Legislature, the Manual should include areas of training for the Legislators on providing a proper motivation system to ensure a gender inclusive and sensitive legislature. Training modules should be majorly for the key officers and management staff of the Legislature who can ensure the implementation of the modules. Also, the Manual should be able to give users the skills to translate gender mainstreaming guidelines into actionable tasks. The modules should be reviewed to cover current issues and gaps on gender and women mainstreaming in the Legislature to ensure its effectiveness such as issues on gender and education, disability, health, environment/climate change, and gender based violence, abuse and harassment, . In doing this, the Manual should focus on generic issues of gender analysis and mainstreaming, while making particular references to critical gender issues in priority sectors such as the ones mentioned above. Also, due to the target audience, more precise and concise training modules may be more effective. The training modules should include training on guidelines for Committees on budget and finance to ensure engendering of budget and budget process of MDAs. In doing so, mechanisms can be developed to reward MDAs/sectors that develop gender responsive budgets and sanction those that do not. Also, the modules should include training on developing Gender Mainstreaming Guidelines in Research as research informs policy and law making. Further, gender sensitivity in research would aid in uncovering and addressing specific gender issues in the legislature. Although the contents of this Manual was current at the time, it has been over three(3) years since the publication, so there is need for a review to cover new issues on the subject matter which is not been covered by the Manual such as gender's relation to environment/climate change, education, health, and disability. Finally, though this Training Manual is mainly for the National Assembly Legislators and Legislative Staff, it will also be beneficial to State Legislators and Legislative Staff, and organisations involved in gender role promotions especially NGOs involved in women rights, empowerment and inclusiveness in government

Reviewer: Adaobi Julia Ofordeme

Rank: Research Officer

Department: DLSS / BLDD

Date Of Commencement: August 8, 2018

Date Of Completion: August 15, 2018

Module One
This Module titled "Human Rights" gives participants a general understanding of human rights especially women's rights. In administering this Module, Facilitators and Trainers are encouraged to use handouts, flip charts, markers and videos. This Module also encourages the use of personal experiences and live examples for training. It discusses different rights that are affected by different deprivations and oppressions suffered by women. To aid Facilitators, the Module included contents for the handouts to be used. These handouts extensively discuss challenges faced by women and their implications especially for the future of the girl-child, differences between equity and equality while drawing experiences from parts in the book "Purple Hibiscus by Chimamnda Adichie" and an incident about a woman who was wrongly charged with adultery in Yobe State because she is a woman and was found outside at midnight

Module Two
The Module discusses Basic Gender Concepts extensively with about twenty-six(26) concepts such as Gender equality, gender equity, affirmative action and gender based discriminations; differences between sex and gender, and pre-conceived notions on gender. It further discussed different works performed by women such as cooking, what constitutes work, unpaid work including the changing roles of women and the different interventions needed to improve the life of women. It summarizes by discussing the importance of a work-life balance for women and institution of policies and laws that provide same. Also, handouts including illustrations are provided to facilitate this Module

Module Three
This Module on Women and Leadership discusses leadership generally and the importance of the role of women in leadership. It further discusses the importance of women empowerment, women working together and strategies for men to support women's work. For this Module, the handouts provided for facilitators includes excerpts from some literatures such as "Qualities of Women Leaders: The Unique Leadership Characteristics of Women by Linda Lowen"In summary, this module aims at ensuring that women are fully integrated into leadership roles at all levels and fully involved at all levels of government and at home. Also, the module emphasizes the importance of gender equality and the fact that rights especially women's rights cannot be enjoyed in the public sphere if they are not upheld in private especially at homes

Module Four
The Module "Women and Legislature" is one of the core objectives of this training module as it discusses the Legislature, its role in transforming the lives of women and the role of women in the legislature. This topic is vital as it forms the core of the "Gender Strategy for the National Assembly" which is to be implemented by this Manual. This Module also aims at enhancing the role of Legislative Aides and staff in assisting the Legislators in implementing the "Gender Strategy for the National Assembly". Part of the handouts used for this module is a list of International Treaties, Conventions and Resolutions on Gender Equality which Nigeria has signed and ratified, but not domesticated except the UN Law on Trafficking and the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights. Also, Committees of the National Assembly on Women Issues are listed as part of the handouts for this Module, although it states that the Committees have weak infrastructures which has affected its efficacy

Module Five
This Module is on Women Communicating for Change. This Module is to teach women how to get involved and succeed in politics and government. In doing so, the Module discusses the dynamics of campaigns, politics and political parties, importance of media in politics and the use of ICT in advocacy for politics. Further, this Module discusses the challenges of women in claiming and sustaining a political space due to our style of politicking and the harshness of the political sphere in Nigeria. Some of the challenges for women in this regard are lack of internal democratic principles and practices that address representational imbalances especially gender parity in political parties and political spheres. The Handouts in this Module provides strategies and guidelines to aid women in participating in politics such as commandments of campaigning, mistakes to avoid in getting ready to run, campaign timelines, budget, media kit contents, how to raise funds, media training guidelines, how to prepare for interviews, rules on the use of secular media and social media, use of language and skills of writing press release

Module Six
This Module "Building an Agenda for Sustainable Development" discusses the need to create opportunity for women and girls that will ensure sustainable development through proper planning, budgeting and participatory decision. This Module contains Handouts on Gender and women empowerment indicators such as education, health, human rights and economic structures; Gender reflective budgets with experiences from Austria and Belgium where there are Gender Mainstreaming Acts that ensure gender budgeting; and guidelines on analyzing budget. It also discusses the importance of constituency and community engagements in government and legislative process for sustainable development